News & Updates

Note: the following is a letter co-signed with colleagues at the National Employment Law Project (NELP) and submitted to Mayor Melvin Carter and St. Paul City Council Members.

* * * * * * *

October 30, 2018

Dear Mayor Carter and Council Members,

In September, the nonpartisan Citizens League’s Saint Paul Minimum Wage Study Committee released its long-awaited report on recommendations to raise St. Paul’s minimum wage. The report endorsed three paths to gradually raising wages to the $15 per hour level, with 77 percent of the committee supporting essentially the same policy that Minneapolis adopted in 2017. St. Paul is poised to adopt a $15 minimum wage, bringing a much-needed boost to working families and economic stimulus to small businesses. Yet some still say a $15 wage with a reasonable phase-in schedule will cause St. Paul to lose jobs.

We are writing this letter to you to underscore that these are nothing but scare tactics and the facts do not support these conclusions. In an October 28th opinion editorial in the St. Paul Pioneer Press, St. Paul Area Chamber of Commerce President and CEO B Kyle stated that “[t]here is much we don’t know about how a minimum wage, driven not by the markets but by government, will impact employees and businesses.” In fact, we have both sophisticated recent research and the actual experiences of other U.S. cities, including in the Midwest, to guide us. They show that significant local minimum wage increases have helped workers and raised pay with little to no discernible effect on overall employment. Instead, in city after city, researchers are finding that workers are spending their increased earnings at local businesses, helping offset the modest increases in labor costs. In Seattle, for example, where the minimum wage is currently $14 an hour for all businesses with under 500 employees and slated to increase to $15 in 2019, employment in the food and beverage industry has soared.

Just last month, economists at the University of California, Berkeley released a study examining the impact of raising wages in Chicago, Washington, D.C., Oakland, San Francisco, San Jose, and Seattle. All six cities are implementing a $15 minimum wage with the exception of Chicago, which adopted a $13 minimum wage by 2019. The study focused on the food services industry as an indicator of the effect of wage increases on minimum wage workers. Instead of finding that increased wages hurt workers at the lower end of the economic ladder, the study found no significant negative effect on jobs and that a ten percent increase in the minimum wage boosted earnings in the food services industry from 1.3 percent to 2.5 percent.

A different, widely circulated Seattle study published last year reached a conflicting conclusion that the city’s minimum wage increase had reduced the number of jobs. The study came under fire for its serious methodological errors and economists who initially took notice of it  backed away from it. Just last week, the Seattle study’s authors released a follow-up study that all but retracts their earlier conclusions and shows broad benefits to workers from the city’s minimum wage increase.

Part of what has led economists to disavow the Seattle study was a cutting-edge, expansive 2017 study of all state minimum wage increases in the U.S. from 1979 to 2016 conducted by researchers at the University of Massachusetts, University College London, and the Economic Policy Institute.  The researchers concluded that “on average, the number of missing jobs paying below the new minimum during the five years following implementation closely matches the excess number of jobs paying just above minimum” and that this “leaves the overall number of low-wage jobs essentially unchanged, while raising the average earnings of workers below those thresholds.” Even in the states with the largest increases, jobs were not adversely impacted.

Leaders from cities like Chicago report similar on-the-ground experiences with gradual minimum wage increases. In a recent op-ed, Chicago’s deputy mayor and the city’s commissioner of Business Affairs and Consumer Protection wrote that “[i]n Chicago, wages are up and unemployment is down” and predictions that the minimum wage would hurt city small businesses and hospitality industries had proven to be “myths.” Even after a nearly 50 percent increase in wages from 2014 to now, the Chicagoland Chamber of Commerce, which had predicted closures and job losses, found businesses optimisticabout hiring. In other words, small businesses are thriving, while providing necessary income to working families.

All this evidence shows us that raising the minimum wage can lift all boats. Minneapolis workers are also likely to be reaping the benefits of a higher minimum wage, which is on track to reach $15 by 2022. In 2016, the University of Minnesota estimated that 23 percent of Minneapolis’s workforce—73,000 workers in all—would receive an average 22 percent raise over the phase-in schedule.

If other cities’ experiences are any guide, raising the minimum wage clearly benefits both workers and businesses.


Christine Owens
Executive Director, NELP

Katie Hatt
Executive Director, North Star Policy Institute

Big Debt, Big Deal

Minnesota is living under a $27 billion mountain of student loan debt.1 A student graduating in Minnesota today has an average of $31,000 in debt.2 Whether we realize it or not, it is affecting both individuals and the broader community. The challenge of student loan...

Minnesota Business Tax Rate Equals U.S. Average

Business groups—including the Minnesota Business Partnership and Minnesota Chamber of Commerce—actively cultivate the notion that business taxes in the Gopher State are high relative to the rest of the nation. However, total state and local business taxes as a share...

Ensure Respect for Minimum Wage Laws

(Note: This article is co-authored with Laura Huizar, a staff attorney at the National Employment Law Project in Washington, D.C.) A few weeks ago, the St. Paul City Council introduced a draft ordinance that would raise the city’s minimum wage to $15 an hour. That’s a...

Caring in Central Minnesota

Minnesota is getting older every day.1 The aging of our population is increasing demand for home health and personal care workers. We also continue to have population growth through both immigration and natural growth. To fill the needs of our changing population we...

Gas Tax Buys One-Third Less Today Than in 2000

The single largest source of funding for Minnesota’s transportation system comes from the state gas tax. However, the purchasing power of that tax has dropped by over one-third over the course of the century, leaving funding for state roads and bridges in a precarious...

State Aids: The Shrinking Slice of the City Revenue Pie

City property taxes have increased significantly in recent decades. Even after adjusting for inflation and population growth, the property taxes collected by Minnesota cities have increased by 48% from 1990 to 2018. However, real (i.e., inflation-adjusted) per capita...

Government Growth in Context

Shocking claims of growth in government abound. However, viewed in context of the economic, demographic, and societal changes that have occurred over the last fifty years, the growth in government is far less astounding than the sound-bite statistics indicate. For...

Impact of Legislative Decisions on School Funding

State aid to Minnesota school districts—properly adjusted for inflation—has fluctuated significantly over the last fifteen years, but the overall trend has been downward, as documented in a recent North Star report. Of course, long-term trends are not exclusively the...

Minnesota’s Shared Health

Minnesotans value a high quality of life. It is part of the Minnesota story and one of our competitive advantages. This includes having healthy people in healthy communities. Historically, policy makers have recognized the importance of health care access by investing...

Misplaced Faith in Tax Cuts

Whatever the problem, a tax cut will fix it. And under no circumstances ever increase taxes. So goes the conventional conservative mantra. New research from two Oklahoma State University economists (Rickman and Wang, 2018) finds that reality is far more nuanced than...

Contact Us

Use this form to get in touch with North Star staff, or send your questions, suggestions, and ideas to