Our Work


  • July 26, 2017

Minnesota’s Income Tax: Not the Most Progressive

Like many states, Minnesota offsets the regressivity of sales and property taxes through a progressive income tax. Minnesota’s income tax became more progressive in 2013 with the addition of a fourth income tax bracket for high-income households. Even after enactment of the new fourth tier, however, Minnesota’s individual income tax is still far from the […]

  • July 24, 2017

Job Vacancy Wages Don’t Meet Basic Needs

The wages offered for most job vacancies in Minnesota are not sufficient to meet the basic needs of a typical family, according to the 2017 Minnesota Cost of Living Study prepared by the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development (DEED). The preceding article in this series noted that the median wage for all occupations […]

HCMC, Medicaid Buy-in, FQHC
  • July 24, 2017

The Future of the Market Under Medicaid for All

The current debate over what ails the Affordable Care Act marketplaces allows for room to discuss the current construction of the individual market. How would the individual market continue to function if most users switched to the public option? And if the private market declined dramatically, what would happen to clinics and hospitals if their […]

Pharmacist with patient
  • July 21, 2017

The Cost of a Medicaid for All Buy-in

With the recent discussion of a buy-in option for Medicaid, how could this plan impact the uninsured population of Minnesota? The preceding article discussed the generalities of a Medicaid buy-in, and this article will continue that analysis by examining the impact of a buy-in, since determining individual contributions is crucial to lowering the cost for […]

  • July 18, 2017

Medicaid for All in Minnesota?

Earlier this year, the Nevada legislature passed a bill that would allow all Nevadans to purchase a health care plan through Medicaid. This plan lacked major details and was ultimately vetoed, but it certainly warrants a look as to whether this would help Minnesota insure all its residents. Medicaid is a federal health care program […]

  • July 17, 2017

44 Percent of Jobs Don’t Meet Basic Needs

The median job wage in Minnesota pays only modestly more than what is needed to meet basic needs for a small family, according the 2017 Minnesota Cost of Living Study prepared by the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development (DEED). There is significant variation among Minnesota regions in the extent to which wages satisfy […]

  • July 12, 2017

Aid, Tax, and Revenue Trends in Three Cities

In recent decades, steep reductions in state aid to Minnesota cities have resulted in significant increases in real (i.e., inflation-adjusted) per capita city property taxes and reductions in real per capita city revenues. Aggregate city data, however, can conceal what is happening within individual cities. This article will focus on city property tax, state aid, […]

  • July 10, 2017

State Aid Ups & (Mostly) Downs for Cities

Except for a few intermittent spikes, state aid to Minnesota cities has trended downward since 1990. In general, cities have dealt with declining state aid through a combination of property tax increases and budget reductions, although the city response to aid vicissitudes has varied over time. The following analysis will focus on the total “revenue […]

  • June 30, 2017

Minnesota Businesses Benefit from State & Local Taxes

It is common for businesses to complain about taxes without considering the benefits that they provide. Taxes are not collected and then buried in a hole. They are used to provide education and public safety, protect property rights, and construct and maintain public infrastructure, among other things—all services which benefit businesses. A complete comparison of […]

  • June 26, 2017

Business Share of Minnesota Taxes Below US Average

Many believe that Minnesota businesses bear a disproportionate share of the total state and local tax load compared to businesses in other states. This notion is perhaps the result of significant corporate and individual income taxes, the presence of both state and local business property taxes (most states impose only local business property taxes), and […]